ZooKeeper Queue(Java)

Queue实现了生产者——消费者模式。

1、QueueTest.java

package com.neohope.zookeeper.test;

import org.apache.zookeeper.*;
import org.apache.zookeeper.data.Stat;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by Hansen
 */
public class QueueTest implements Watcher {
    static ZooKeeper zk = null;
    static Object mutex;
    private String root;

    /**
     * 构造函数
     * @param hostPort
     * @param name
     */
    QueueTest(String hostPort, String name) {
        this.root = name;

        //创建连接
        if (zk == null) {
            try {
                System.out.println("Starting ZK:");
                zk = new ZooKeeper(hostPort, 30000, this);
                mutex = new Object();
                System.out.println("Finished starting ZK: " + zk);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                System.out.println(e.toString());
                zk = null;
            }

            // 创建root节点
            if (zk != null) {
                try {
                    Stat s = zk.exists(root, false);
                    if (s == null) {
                        zk.create(root, new byte[0], ZooDefs.Ids.OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE,
                                CreateMode.PERSISTENT);
                    }
                } catch (KeeperException e) {
                    System.out.println("Keeper exception when instantiating queue: "
                                    + e.toString());
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    System.out.println("Interrupted exception");
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * exists回调函数
     * @param event     发生的事件
     * @see org.apache.zookeeper.Watcher
     */
    synchronized public void process(WatchedEvent event) {
        synchronized (mutex) {
            mutex.notify();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 添加任务队列
     * @param i
     * @return
     */
    boolean produce(int i) throws KeeperException, InterruptedException {
        String s = "element"+i;
        zk.create(root + "/element", s.getBytes(Charset.forName("UTF-8")), ZooDefs.Ids.OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE,
                CreateMode.PERSISTENT_SEQUENTIAL);

        return true;
    }


    /**
     * 从任务队列获取任务
     * @return
     * @throws KeeperException
     * @throws InterruptedException
     */
    int consume() throws KeeperException, InterruptedException {
        Stat stat = null;

        while (true) {
            synchronized (mutex) {
                List<String> list = zk.getChildren(root, true);
                if (list.size() == 0) {
                    System.out.println("Going to wait");
                    mutex.wait();
                } else {
                    //首先进行排序,找到id最小的任务编号
                    Integer min = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
                    for (String s : list) {
                        Integer tempValue = new Integer(s.substring(7));
                        if (tempValue < min) min = tempValue;
                    }

                    //从节点获取任务,处理,并删除节点
                    System.out.println("Processing task: " + root + "/element" + padLeft(min));
                    byte[] buff = zk.getData(root + "/element" + padLeft(min), false, stat);
                    System.out.println("The value in task is: " + new String(buff));
                    zk.delete(root + "/element" + padLeft(min), -1);

                    return min;
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 格式化数字字符串
     * @param num
     */
    public static String padLeft(int num) {
        return String.format("%010d", num);
    }

    /**
     * 入口函数
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        String hostPort = "localhost:2181";
        String root = "/neohope/queue";
        int max = 10;
        QueueTest q = new QueueTest(hostPort, root);

        for (int i = 0; i < max; i++) {
            try {
                q.produce(i);
            } catch (KeeperException e) {

            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            }
        }

        for (int i = 0; i < max; i++) {
            try {
                int r = q.consume();
                System.out.println("Item: " + r);
            } catch (KeeperException ex) {
                ex.printStackTrace();
                break;
            } catch (InterruptedException ex) {
                ex.printStackTrace();
                break;
            }
        }
    }
}

2、尝试运行一下。

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